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Glossary

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R

Realia

Any objects used in the classroom that bring the class to life (i.e., relate classroom teaching to the real world).
Entry link: Realia

Realistic Materials

Materials that have been developed with the second language learner specifically in mind; they generally accompany ESL/EFL texts or are produced by the teacher for specific students.

Entry link: Realistic Materials

Receptive Skills

When the learner is receiving incoming language (listening or reading).
Entry link: Receptive Skills

Reductions

The term used for shortened forms of spoken words. For example, native speakers are likely to pronounce “could have” as “coulda” and “going” to as “gonna” in regular speech.
Entry link: Reductions

Register

The style or type of language used within a particular context. For example, ESL/EFL students must learn to distinguish language that is used in formal registers (e.g., job interview of business email) versus language that is used in informal registers (e.g., relaxed situations or communication with friends).
Entry link: Register

Rhythm

The combination of stressed and unstressed parts of a sentence.

Entry link: Rhythm

Role Play

An activity during which students imagine themselves in a situation outside the classroom (e.g., in a restaurant), and play the role of someone else (e.g., a waitress), and use language appropriate to this new context. The situation, characters, and problem (task) may be written on role play cards by the teacher to encourage more creative scenarios and better language production.


Entry link: Role Play


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