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Computer-Mediated Communication. Refers to using computer technology,
such as web chat programs or web conferencing tools (e.g., Zoom, Skype), to
communicate with others.
A word having the same derivation in two languages and that is similar in both languages, not only in meaning, but also in spelling and pronunciation; “information” is a cognate of the Spanish word “información”.
Words that tend to be associated with each other, or co-occur in sentences, such as salt and pepper, up and down, wedding vows, etc. Collocates are important in EFL because they help to explain why some learner language is grammatically correct and the meaning is apparent, yet the utterance seems strange and not something natives usually say.
A set of principles about teaching where the focus is on meaningful communication not structure.
Understanding and using language effectively
(e.g., the student listens actively, initiates
conversation, and maintains speech with peers) in an authentic school or
Output-based tasks (e.g., role play activities
or paragraph-writing tasks) in a lesson that requires the use of target