ITA Online - Glossary
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Categories reflecting attitudes in different
cultures that can be viewed on scales such as equality vs. hierarchy, direct vs.
indirect, individual vs. group, and task vs. relationship.
A series of stages (honeymoon, culture-shock,
adjustment, reverse culture shock) experienced by a person who is immersed in a
foreign culture. The length of each stage varies from person to person and
depends on previous travel experience, openness to new cultures, and
willingness to adjust.
People’s attitudes, beliefs, and core values that
constitute the main part of our cultural differences. Some examples include our
attitudes toward gender, social status, age, raising children, perception of time, role of family, etc.
Feedback provided after the fact, once a student
has finished speaking. It allows a teacher to provide constructive comments without
interrupting student speech.
An assessment instrument or procedure that attempts to diagnose, or identify, a learner’s strengths and weaknesses, typically so that an efficient and appropriate course of instruction can be presented.
A teaching approach in which different
instructional methods and techniques are implemented based on the individual
needs of learners.
A phoneme (sound) containing two vowel sounds, one gliding into the second one.