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Glossary

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C

Cultural Dimensions

Categories reflecting attitudes in different cultures that can be viewed on scales such as equality vs. hierarchy, direct vs. indirect, individual vs. group, and task vs. relationship.

Entry link: Cultural Dimensions

Culture Shock

A series of stages (honeymoon, culture-shock, adjustment, reverse culture shock) experienced by a person who is immersed in a foreign culture. The length of each stage varies from person to person and depends on previous travel experience, openness to new cultures, and willingness to adjust.

Entry link: Culture Shock

D

Deep Culture

People’s attitudes, beliefs, and core values that constitute the main part of our cultural differences. Some examples include our attitudes toward gender, social status, age, raising children, perception of time, role of family, etc.

Entry link: Deep Culture

Delayed Feedback

Feedback provided after the fact, once a student has finished speaking. It allows a teacher to provide constructive comments without interrupting student speech.

Entry link: Delayed Feedback

Diagnostic Assessment

An assessment instrument or procedure that attempts to diagnose, or identify, a learner’s strengths and weaknesses, typically so that an efficient and appropriate course of instruction can be presented.

Entry link: Diagnostic Assessment

Differentiation

A teaching approach in which different instructional methods and techniques are implemented based on the individual needs of learners.

Entry link: Differentiation

Diphthong

A phoneme (sound) containing two vowel sounds, one gliding into the second one.



Entry link: Diphthong


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