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A word that appears to be a cognate of a word in
another language but is not; the Spanish word “embarazada” means pregnant and is, therefore, a false friend of the
English word “embarrassed.”
Fluency is the ability to produce rapid, flowing, natural speech, without concern for grammatical correctness.
A morpheme that can stand on its own and have meaning.
Grammar Translation Method
The written or spoken pattern of the grammatical
structure. For example, the form of the present continuous is subject + am/is/are + verb-ing (“Anna is singing”).
The semantic meaning of a grammar structure. For
example, the sentence “Anna is singing” includes the present continuous, which
communicates that the action started before now and is occurring at the present moment.
The pragmatic use of a grammatical structure.
For example, one common use of present continuous is the description of a
photograph or drawing: “In this picture, the kids are playing a game of soccer.
It is raining.”
Classroom visual aids including tables, Venn
diagrams, charts, timelines, and any graphic representation of a relationship
between a set of ideas.
A scoring procedure typically used in writing assessment in which the reader reacts to the student’s composition as a whole. A single score is awarded to the writing.