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English for Specific Purposes. This term refers to the vocabulary and English skills that students learn when they need to use English for only a specific purpose (e.g., in business contexts, BE/BFE, or at university, EAP).
Entry link: ESP

Experiential Learning

A process of learning that encourages students to learn by doing and then reflect on that learning. Realia and authentic materials encourage experiential learning, as do activities like scavenger hunts, case studies, and role plays.

Entry link: Experiential Learning

Extensive Listening

Listening for holistic ideas such as gist, context, speaker’s function, purpose, and attitude.
Entry link: Extensive Listening

Extensive Reading

Reading for pleasure outside of the classroom, usually with texts that are below a student’s current level.

Entry link: Extensive Reading


False Friend

A word that appears to be a cognate of a word in another language but is not; the Spanish word “embarazada” means pregnant and is, therefore, a false friend of the English word “embarrassed.”

Entry link: False Friend


Fluency is the ability to produce rapid, flowing, natural speech, without concern for grammatical correctness.

Entry link: Fluency

Free Morpheme

A morpheme that can stand on its own and have meaning.

Entry link: Free Morpheme

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