ITA Online - Glossary


Glossary

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A

Audiolingual Method

A language-learning method characterized by memorization of dialogues, as well as use of language labs. Students are drilled through dialogues in an effort to instill language forms. Audiolingualism is based on behaviorism. In this model, error correction is essential to prevent bad habits.
Entry link: Audiolingual Method

Aural/Auditory Learner

Learner who benefits more from hearing input. Aural/auditory learners respond well to oral instruction as opposed to visual instruction.
Entry link: Aural/Auditory Learner

Authentic Materials

Resources that are used in English-speaking countries by native speakers. These are real-world selections produced for a native English-speaking audience, without consideration for the second language learner. Examples include newspapers, books, brochures, leaflets, menus, tickets, bank cards, library cards, etc.


Entry link: Authentic  Materials

B

Blended Learning

An approach that combines both traditional classroom teaching and online educational tools to create a hybrid or “blended” learning experience.

Entry link: Blended Learning

Bottom-up

Language learning that proceeds from the most basic parts of language, such as words, then advances to more complex structures such as complex sentences and grammar, before finally arriving at an understanding of meaning.

Entry link: Bottom-up

Bound Morpheme

A morpheme that cannot stand on its own, but must be attached to another morpheme; the prefixes “un-“ and “re-“ are examples of bound morphemes.

Entry link: Bound Morpheme

C

CALL

Computer-Assisted Language Learning. Includes use of computer-based language programs such as ESL-specific software, educational podcasts, web pages, and CD-ROMs for educational purposes.

Entry link: CALL

Chants

Short repetitive songs or rhythms that can be implemented to introduce or reinforce lesson material for second language students. Educators can use chants in small or whole group activities to help EFL learners become comfortable with the process of language acquisition.

Entry link: Chants

Class Contract

Documentation used to negotiate with your students on the rules for the classroom and the consequences for violating them.

Entry link: Class Contract

Clause

A group of words that always contains a subject and a verb in combination.

Entry link: Clause


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