ITA Online - Glossary
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A gap-fill exercise with regularly-spaced gaps (e.g., every sixth word has been deleted).
Computer-Mediated Communication. Refers to using computer technology,
such as web chat programs or web conferencing tools (e.g., Zoom, Skype), to
communicate with others.
A word having the same derivation in two languages and that is similar in both languages, not only in meaning, but also in spelling and pronunciation; “information” is a cognate of the Spanish word “información”.
Words that tend to be associated with each other, or co-occur in sentences, such as salt and pepper, up and down, wedding vows, etc. Collocates are important in EFL because they help to explain why some learner language is grammatically correct and the meaning is apparent, yet the utterance seems strange and not something natives usually say.
A set of principles about teaching where the focus is on meaningful communication not structure.
Understanding and using language effectively
(e.g., the student listens actively, initiates
conversation, and maintains speech with peers) in an authentic school or
Output-based tasks (e.g., role play activities
or paragraph-writing tasks) in a lesson that requires the use of target
Community Language Learning
A teaching approach focusing on
student-to-student and student-to-teacher relationships to establish a healthy
language learning environment.
A hypothesis that learners will acquire language best when the material is comprehensible to them. The input should be accessible so that they can understand it, but it should be just beyond their level of competence. Input will lead to acquisition so long as the input is challenging, yet easy enough to understand without conscious effort at learning. If the learner is at level i, then input should come at level i+1. I+1 means that material is comprehensible with a few new forms for students to naturally acquire.