ITA Online - Glossary
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English Language Learner.
English Language Teaching.
Although the educator may not be familiar with the ESL student’s culture or language, a strong attempt must be made to validate the student’s first language. It is very important that the teacher of an ESL learner empathize with the student’s position. The instructor should try to imagine what the ESL student is experiencing after being immersed in a new culture and new language for the first time.
An important issue for ESL teachers is when and how to correct the errors of language learners. Some researchers feel there is no need to correct errors at all, as errors will automatically correct over time. However, some researchers think that error correction is necessary in order to “get it right from the beginning” as opposed to in the end. Different classroom theories propose different solutions for error correction.
English as a Second Language. A program for students from other countries who are learning English in an English-speaking country (e.g., Korean students learning English in the U.S., or Polish students learning English in England).
English for Specific Purposes. This term refers to the vocabulary and English skills that students learn when they need to use English for only a specific purpose (e.g., in business contexts, BE/BFE, or at university, EAP).
A process of learning that encourages students
to learn by doing and then reflect on that learning. Realia and authentic
materials encourage experiential learning, as do activities like scavenger
hunts, case studies, and role plays.
Listening for holistic ideas such as gist, context, speaker’s function, purpose, and attitude.
Reading for pleasure outside of the classroom,
usually with texts that are below a student’s current level.