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English for Specific Purposes. This term refers to the vocabulary and English skills that students learn when they need to use English for only a specific purpose (e.g., in business contexts, BE/BFE, or at university, EAP).
A process of learning that encourages students
to learn by doing and then reflect on that learning. Realia and authentic
materials encourage experiential learning, as do activities like scavenger
hunts, case studies, and role plays.
Listening for holistic ideas such as gist, context, speaker’s function, purpose, and attitude.
Reading for pleasure outside of the classroom,
usually with texts that are below a student’s current level.
A word that appears to be a cognate of a word in
another language but is not; the Spanish word “embarazada” means pregnant and is, therefore, a false friend of the
English word “embarrassed.”
Fluency is the ability to produce rapid, flowing, natural speech, without concern for grammatical correctness.
A morpheme that can stand on its own and have meaning.