ITA Online - Glossary


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A learning log where ESL students have the opportunity to record material learned in the classroom and write about feelings concerning their new language experiences. Teachers have a chance to closely observe the journal for academic progress and second language acquisition.
Entry link: Journals



Family language, or mother tongue.
Entry link: L1


Second language, or a language that is not the mother.
Entry link: L2

Language Item

The smallest parts of a language, such as a new vocabulary word.
Entry link: Language Item

Language Skills

There are four language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Listening and reading are receptive skills, while speaking and writing are productive skills.

Entry link: Language Skills

Learning Strategies

Individual tasks or activities that help learners to foster independent learning or to engage in independent learning. There are direct strategies for managing language, and indirect strategies for learning in general.
Entry link: Learning Strategies

Learning Styles

Term used to indicate individual student preferences for learning.
Entry link: Learning Styles

Lexical Item

A word, a phrase, or a number of words that can be considered to be a single item of vocabulary (e.g., bus, bus stop, school bus stop).

Entry link: Lexical Item

Lexical Set

A set of words that are connected in some way, usually by type (e.g., different items of clothing, vocabulary describing the weather, etc.).

Entry link: Lexical Set


Another word for “vocabulary.”

Entry link: Lexis

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