ITA Online - Glossary


Glossary

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C

CALL

Computer-Assisted Language Learning. Includes use of computer-based language programs such as ESL-specific software, educational podcasts, web pages, and CD-ROMs for educational purposes.

Entry link: CALL

Chants

Short repetitive songs or rhythms that can be implemented to introduce or reinforce lesson material for second language students. Educators can use chants in small or whole group activities to help EFL learners become comfortable with the process of language acquisition.

Entry link: Chants

Class Contract

Documentation used to negotiate with your students on the rules for the classroom and the consequences for violating them.

Entry link: Class Contract

Clause

A group of words that always contains a subject and a verb in combination.

Entry link: Clause

Close Exercise

A gap-fill exercise with regularly-spaced gaps (e.g., every sixth word has been deleted).
Entry link: Close Exercise

CLT

Communicative Language Teaching. CLT is a teaching approach that emphasizes interaction between students or between student(s) and teacher(s). The approach emphasizes use of authentic real-world communication for meaningful purposes.
Entry link: CLT

CMC

Computer-Mediated Communication. Refers to using computer technology, such as web chat programs or web conferencing tools (e.g., Zoom, Skype), to communicate with others.

Entry link: CMC

Cognate

A word having the same derivation in two languages and that is similar in both languages, not only in meaning, but also in spelling and pronunciation; “information” is a cognate of the Spanish word “información”.

Entry link: Cognate

Collocations

Words that tend to be associated with each other, or co-occur in sentences, such as salt and pepper, up and down, wedding vows, etc. Collocates are important in EFL because they help to explain why some learner language is grammatically correct and the meaning is apparent, yet the utterance seems strange and not something natives usually say.
Entry link: Collocations

Communicative Approach

A set of principles about teaching where the focus is on meaningful communication not structure.
Entry link: Communicative Approach


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