ITA Online - Glossary
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Computer-Assisted Language Learning. Includes
use of computer-based language programs such as ESL-specific software,
educational podcasts, web pages, and CD-ROMs for educational purposes.
Documentation used to negotiate
with your students on the rules for the classroom and the consequences for
A group of words that always contains a subject
and a verb in combination.
A gap-fill exercise with regularly-spaced gaps (e.g., every sixth word has been deleted).
Computer-Mediated Communication. Refers to using computer technology,
such as web chat programs or web conferencing tools (e.g., Zoom, Skype), to
communicate with others.
A word having the same derivation in two languages and that is similar in both languages, not only in meaning, but also in spelling and pronunciation; “information” is a cognate of the Spanish word “información”.
Words that tend to be associated with each other, or co-occur in sentences, such as salt and pepper, up and down, wedding vows, etc. Collocates are important in EFL because they help to explain why some learner language is grammatically correct and the meaning is apparent, yet the utterance seems strange and not something natives usually say.
A set of principles about teaching where the focus is on meaningful communication not structure.