ITA Online - Glossary
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Project-Based Learning. A teaching approach that
consists of using projects – usually research projects – to further learning in
The smallest sound that can make a difference in meaning. For example, the word sheep has five letters but only three phonemes (“sh,” “ee,” and “p”).
Two- or three-part verbs, usually with prepositions, that take on a different meaning than their separate parts suggest. Some examples include:to go out with = to date / to bring up = to raise a topic in conversation / to look after = to watch
An assessment instrument or procedure used to determine a student’s language skills relative to the levels of a particular program he or she is about to enter.
Praise for correct or well-spoken utterances or
speech, something that can be motivating for learners. Positive feedback is
more effective when it is more specific and might include something like
highlighting correct grammar or improvement in pronunciation.
Presentation, Practice, Production. A method or model to teaching and lesson planning based on the idea of giving (presenting) small items of language to students, providing them with opportunities to use it in controlled ways (practice), and finally integrating it with other known language in order to communicate (production).
A stage in a lesson during which students and the teacher (or teaching materials, such as a reading text) use the presented language in controlled and monitored activities. During this stage students get additional practice forming sentences with the new language structure. For example, students complete a text with new words or students answer teacher’s questions using a new structure.
Understanding when language is appropriate to
use according to the context or situation surrounding it, which is often a
question of formality.