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Project-Based Learning. A teaching approach that
consists of using projects – usually research projects – to further learning in
The smallest sound that can make a difference in meaning. For example, the word sheep has five letters but only three phonemes (“sh,” “ee,” and “p”).
Two- or three-part verbs, usually with prepositions, that take on a different meaning than their separate parts suggest. Some examples include:to go out with = to date / to bring up = to raise a topic in conversation / to look after = to watch
An assessment instrument or procedure used to determine a student’s language skills relative to the levels of a particular program he or she is about to enter.
Praise for correct or well-spoken utterances or
speech, something that can be motivating for learners. Positive feedback is
more effective when it is more specific and might include something like
highlighting correct grammar or improvement in pronunciation.