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An activity where students are urged to solve some problem using language. This activity is open-ended; there is no set way to accomplish their goal.

Entry link: Task

Task-Based Learning

Teaching/learning a language by using language to accomplish open-ended tasks. Learners are given an objective to accomplish but are left with some freedom in determining how to complete the objective.
Entry link: Task-Based Learning

Teacher Observation

Authentic assessment that involves observing the progress (or lack thereof) of language acquisition in the classroom. Notes are commonly taken by the teacher during observations to discuss what was seen and heard during classroom activities. This pertinent data can be presented during student or parent conferences.
Entry link: Teacher Observation


Methods, activities, and techniques where the teacher decides what and how something is to be learned.
Entry link: Teacher-Centered


A specific tactic used to carry out a chosen teaching method.

Entry link: Technique


Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Typically geared toward learning the language for specific purposes such as business and is learned by students living in non-English-speaking countries.
Entry link: TEFL


Teaching English as a Second Language. Typically geared toward learning the language for everyday purposes and is learned by students living in English-speaking countries.
Entry link: TESL


Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Refers to the field of professionals who teach English in a country where English is the primary language.
Entry link: TESOL


Test of English as a Foreign Language. An English proficiency test for non-native English language speakers wishing to enroll in U.S. universities.
Entry link: TOEFL


Language learning that starts with an understanding of language before proceeding to break down complex concepts into the most basic parts of language.
Entry link: Top-Down

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